What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Sinan Tektaş
What is Artificial Intelligence
Source: UnDraw

In this article, what is Artificial Intelligence, you will learn what is Cretrim Intelligence or Artificial intelligence? We humans are the most supreme thing in this earth, intelligence. It has played the most important role in improving our skills and establishing human civilization.

Today, if humans has developed so much in the field of technology, it is the biggest hand of our human brain. On the strength of this intellect, Humanity has invented many inventions and it is not to say that every invention has given a new direction to the life of mankind. When Computer was formed, no one thought that we would be able to use something like a smartphone in the future.

But today it is not only part of our lives but also helps us in any work. In the past few years, some scientists in computer science had placed the AI concept before the world to take technology to a different level. The basic purpose was to create a computer controlled robot or software that could solve a problem by thinking like humans.

But many other scientists believe that technology can make such development machines super intelligence that will later pose a threat to human existence. How beneficial it is for artificial intelligence or Machine Learning humans will tell you the future. At the moment, we tell you what is Artificial intelligence (AI)?

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) or "Artificial Intelligence" is a branch of computer science that is developing machines that can think and act like humans. Such as: voice recognition, problem solving, learning and planning. It is the intelligence displayed by Machines as opposed to natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals.

It plans to create a computer controlled robot or software that can think just as human mind thinks. Artificial Intelligence is being continuously designed to make it perfect. In its training, it is taught experience from machines, is designed to coordinate with new inputs and perform human-like works.

So, by and large, artificial intelligence is using machines that can interact with your environment and act wisely on the data obtained. That is, if the AI concept is stronger in the future, it will be like our friend. If you have a problem, you will be able to think about what to do for it.

Basically Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the ability of a machine or computer program to think and learn. This concept is based on the idea that machines should be enabled so that they themselves think of a problem like humans and learn from it.

Today, AI is a very popular topic, which has a lot of discussion in the field of technology and business. Many experts and industry experts believe that AI or machine learning is our future. But if we look around us, we will find that it is not our future but the present. With the development of technology, today we are associated with Artificial Intelligence in one way or the other and are also taking advantage of it. Yes, it is a fact that AI technology is in its first phase.

Recently, many companies have invested a lot on machine learning. That's why many AI products and apps are available to us. So let's now give you some of the AI example that you use today, which will allow you to understand more thoroughly what Artificial Intelligence says?

1. Siri

You may have heard of Siri, the most popular virtual assistant offered by Apple. However it is only available in iPhone and iPad. This is the best example of AI, it can simply help you speak Hey Siri and it can send you messages, find information on the Internet, make phone calls, open any application, even help you with timer sets and calendars like saving events.

Siri uses Machine Learning technology to understand your language and questions. This is the most favorable voice activated computer. The devices associated with it are also Alexa and the Google Assistant. Which is used for the same work.'

2. Tesla

Not only smartphones but automobiles are also moving towards Artificial Intelligence. If you have a car geek, you will know about Tesla. It is one of the best automobiles ever available. Tesla car has features such as not only self driving but also productive capabilities and complete technological innovation. Not knowing how many self driving cars are becoming and which will become even smarter in the coming time.

3. Google Map

Google, however, uses AI in many areas. But there is good use of AI technology in Google map. To tell us the way to any place, giant's technology with AI mapping scans road information and tells us the right root using algorithms. Google has now planned to further advance artificial intelligence in its Google map by improving its voice assistant and creating augmented reality maps in real time.

4. Nest

Nest was one of the most famous and artificial intelligence startups and was bought by Google in 2014. Nest Learning Thermostat delivers energy based on your behavior and routine. This behavior uses algorithms to do this. It is such an intelligent machine that only in a week detects the temperature useful for you. If there is no one in the house, it automatically turns off to save energy.

5. Echo

Echo was launched by Amazon. It is a revolutionary product that can answer your questions, read audio books for you, tell you the traffic and weather, provide information about local business and also provide sports scores. More major changes are being made to Echo so that it is adding new features. Hopefully, the coming time will make Echo even smarter.

History of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

1950 was the year when Artificial intelligence research started. With the development of electronic computers and stored-program computers, research work began in the field of AI. Even after many decades, a computer could not be able to think or act like a human mind. A discovery that greatly enhanced the early development of AI was made by Norbert Wiener.

He proved that all intelligent behavior of humans has the consequences of the reaction mechanism. Another step in the direction of modern AI was when logic theorist was built. Designed by Newell and Simon in 1955, it can be considered the first AI program.

Father of Artificial Intelligence

After many research, the person who finally laid the foundation for Artificial intelligence was AI's father John McCarthy, an American scientist. He organized a conference "The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence" in 1956 to further develop in the field of AI. In which all those who were interested in machine intelligence could participate. The aim of the conference was to attract the talent and expertise of interested people to help McCarthy in this work.

In later years, the AI Research Center was formed at Carnegie Mellon University as well as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. At the same time, AI also faced many challenges. The first challenge that was faced by them was to build a system that could solve a problem efficiently by searching very little. The second challenge is the creation of a system that can learn something from itself. The first breakthrough in the field of artificial intelligence was when a Novell program called General Problem Solver (G.P.S) was created by Newell and Simon in 1957.

This was an extension of Wiener's feedback theory. Through this, the problems of common sense could have been solved more and more. LiSP language was created by John McCarthy in 1958 at AI History. It was soon adopted by several AI retextures and is still in use today.

Goals Of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

As we know, AI is the most powerful and fastest growing technology in the whole world. AI is a type of artificial consciousness that acts when human instructions. Even though Artificial intelligence is developed by humans, it is no doubt that AI works more efficient, better and less cost than humans. That is why AI is now being used in the field of many business industries.

To some extent, AI has come into our everyday life, but the day is not far away when we will be fully using this technology. So it is true that AI has a very bright future all over the world. Most work and many areas in the future will depend on AI. At the same time, these exercises are also being imposed, which can have a very bad impact on the lives of human beings. So let's now tell you some of the goals of AI that will be achieved by achieving this AI technology soon.

Increasing decision-making power: The first goal of AI is to create a thinking machine that thinks like human beings. Who can solve any human problem by taking a decision from himself. AI has also achieved some achievements in this direction. Recently, a female AI Robot (Sophia) was created. It has some degree of decision making power and can easily answer any of your questions. Some of these AI Concepts will also be seen in smart devices such as Google home, Siri, Alexa, etc.

Skills in work: We are very lazy to do something, which makes us take too much time to accomplish our work and make more mistakes. Given the same habit of esano, AI researches are working very fast in this direction. Their basic aim is to make AI so that they can do anything faster with minimal error.

Saving time: Obviously, AI can work much faster than humans. Because it is a type of machine, it never gets to work and never takes a break like us. Looking at this subject, many AI machines are being created, which will soon replace humans.

What are Artificial Techniques

AI Technology is a method that uses derived knowledge. So that its error can be amended to make a correct. AI technique is a model made of advanced forms of statistical and mathematical models. These models make it possible for computers or machines to calculate the tasks that humans do are some examples:
  • Artificial Natural Network
  • Heuristic
  • Markov Dissection Process
  • Natural Language Processing.

Types of Artificial Intelligence

In this age of technology, Artificial intelligence has begun to dominate all industries and many sectors. The biggest reason for this is that the machine has to function more effectively than human beings. So the day is not far away when robots like a Hollywood movies will dominate our world. AI or what we call machine learning is divided into two types of main parts.

First Part

  • Weak Intelligence ( Week AI) – Weak intelligence, also known as narrow AI, focuses solely on the works of narrow tasks. Weak AI is used to meet a particular problem unlike a Strong AI or general artificial intelligence. This machine is not very smart in doing its job. But they are made to feel smart. For example, in Ludo Game, when you play computer mode, tokens from one side automatically grow. To do so, all the ruels and idols are already feed into the software.
  • Strong Intelligence – Strong intelligence that is used to describe a certain mindset of AI development. The goal is to develop artificial intelligence at a point where the intellectual capacity of machines is functionally equal to humans. Strong AI makes machines that can really think and act like humans. There is no proper instance yet, but some industry has come very close to building a strong AI.

Second Part

  • Reactive Machines – This machine is very basic because it doesn't store memory and doesn't even use its past experiences to do something in the future. Reactive machines simply look at it and act on it. IBM's Deep Blue is a good example of the one who defeated the Grand Master kasparov of chess.
  • Self-Awareness – It is an artificial intelligence that has its own consciousness, self awareness, and super intelligence. In simple words, you can also call it a kind of human. But this kind of bot is not available so far. If it is possible in future, it will be a great achievement for AI.
  • Limited Memory – It is an AI system that can use previous experiences to inform future decisions. Some of the decision making functions have been designed in a self-driving car.
  • Theory of Mind-this type of AI machine is enabled to interact with the spirit, faith, thought, expectation and social of the people. Though there has been a lot of experimentation in this area, nothing has come out so that it can be possible.

Applications Of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

AI is important because it can help solve difficult issues in various industries such as psychoshore, education, health, commerce, transportation and utilities. The AI application can be divided into five categories.

1) Knowledge – the ability to present information about the world. such as financial market trading, purchase prediction, fraud prevention, drug manufacturing, medical diagnosis, media recommendation, etc.

2) Idea – Ability to solve problems through logic reduction. such as financial asset management, legal evaluation, financial application processing, autonomous hatyar system, sports etc.

3) Communication – ability to understand spoken and written language. Such as real-time translation of spoken and written languages, real-time transcription, intelligent assistants, voice control, etc.

4) Plan – Ability to set and achieve targets. such as list management, part forecasting, predictive maintenance, physical and digital network optimization, navigation, etc.

5) Cognition – ability to predict things about the world through sounds, pictures and other sensory inputs. such as medical diagnosis, autonomous vehicles, surveillance, etc.

The Difference Between Artificial Intelligence and Human Intelligence

To understand the differences or differences between AI and Human intelligence, first we need to know what intelligence is. If a small definition is given, our intelligence or intelligence has the ability to achieve an information, the ability to learn from experiences, to understand and to think in a manner. Because of its natural behavior, this intellect collects cognitive functions such as cognition, memory, language and planning. So let's now study the differences between Artificial intelligence and Human intelligence in detail.
  • Human intelligence is defined as the quality of the brain. It has the ability to take experience from past experiences, the power to respond to the situation, to deal with ideas and to get yourself out of the situation using the information obtained. The energy efficiency of human intelligence is about 25 watts. Managing human hundreds of skills learns from your life. Human beings have the ability to take decisions from experienced scenarios. Human brain is analogue.
  • AI's job is to design a machine that can mimic human behavior. Robots use instructions designed by the scientist. AI is studied and designed by an intelligent agent. AI Research uses tools and insights from many areas. It also overlaps for works like robotics central system. Ai's energy efficiency is 2 watts in a modern machine or learning machine. It takes quite a long time to teach the system on each responsibility.

Conclusion

So overall the AI expert believes that AI will be able to do anything in the future. It would be able to do anything better than humans. So let's see how much it affects human life in the time to come. So friends hope, you may have liked the article, what is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? and the information that is mentioned would have helped you to understand the AI.

But if you have difficulty in understanding a topic in the entire post, please tell us in the comments below. Your question will definitely be answered. Finally, if you like this post, please share it with your friends on Facebook. This will also enhance their knowledge and encourage us. Thank you wholeheartedly for reading this post by giving you precious time!

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